EU tekan industri perkayuan Sarawak.

Posted on November 21, 2011

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PERATURAN yang ditetapkan Kesatuan Eropah (EU) dan wajib dipatuhi para pengeksport balak dan produk perkayuan pada 1 Januari 2013 umpama sengaja mengenakan sekatan agar komoditi itu memasuki pasaran EU.

EU dikatakan memasukkan sekali dua elemen yang dirasakan tidak ada kaitan dalam menentukan kesahihan balak. DUa elemen itu ialah tanah Hak Adat Bumiputera (NCR) dan hak asasi manusia. Balak dan produknya yang hendak dieksport mesti tidak ada sangkut paut dengan dua perkara tersebut.

Tetapi yang pasti Malaysia atau Sarawak sebagai negeri pengeluar balak utama di negara ini enggan tunduk dengan tekanan demikian. Itu yang dibayangkan oleh Menteri Perancangan Sumber dan Alam Sekitar Kedua Sarawak, Datuk Amar Awang Tengah Ali Hasan, tetapi masih membuka laluan perbincangan ke arah mencapai kesepakatan bersama.

Jumlah eksport balak dan hasil hilirannya ke pasaran Eropah ialah kira-kira 2 peratus setahun. Mungkin satu angka yang kecil tetapi juga wajar diberi perhatian kerana mungkin satu hari kelak jumlah itu meningkat jika tidak wujud sekatan-sekatan seolah-olah memperlekehkan sumber kayu kita.

Disebabkan syarat-syarat itu Indonesia enggan menyertai perjanjian peraturan baharu terbabit.

Awang Tengah yang dipetik menerusi Utusan Borneo keluaran 13 Oktober 2011, memberitahu bagaimana pasaran Jepun yang lebih ketat syarat-syaratnya dapat menerima kemasukan produk perkayuan dari negara ini.

“Tetapi, keputusan kita (Malaysia) masih bergantung dengan rundingan. Kita tidak boleh terlalu awal memberi jangkaan tidak akan menyertai perjanjian (dikenakan EU),” katanya.

Di bawah peraturan baharu, semua pengendali industri perkayuan di Malaysia wajib menyediakan bukti-bukti kesahihan seperti pensijilan daripada sama ada Majlis Pengendali Hutan (FSC) atau Majlis Pensijilan Balak Malaysia (MTCC).

Ia juga boleh disahihkan oleh pihak pensijilan diiktiraf atau Undang-undang Penguatkuasaan Hutan, Tadbir Urus dan Perdagangan (FLEGT).

SEHUBUNGAN itu, berita itu juga telah diputarbelit oleh sebuah portal yang dipercayai memetik laporan akhbar dan ditulis semula.

Ini ialah laporan terbabit.

EU timber regulations: Stubborn Sarawak won’t budge
Sarawak is not prepared to kow-tow to timber import regulations set out by the European Union.

KUCHING: Sarawak is stubbornly refusing to comply with the international timber certification and trade regulations simply because the state “already has its own set of timber industry policies”.

State Second Resource Planning and Environment Minister Awang Tengah Ali Hassan said: “The international sanctions focus on the question of legality of the timber certification, native customary rights (NCR) and human rights activities.

“These issues are irrelevant as they are well taken care of all this while by the government,” he said in reference to the US and European Union’s (EU) timber certification and trade regulations.

Awang Tengah was responding to issues faced by the Malaysian Timber Council over timber certification and the increasing pressure for legality and sustainability of timber from importing countries like the EU and the US.

Both the EU and the US have introduced regulations which must be complied to by all suppliers, Malaysia included.

While the US has introduced the Lacey Act in a bid to curb illegal timber trade, the EU has drawn up the EU Timber Regulation. The EU Timber Regulation is expected to take effect in on Jan 1, 2013.

Under the EU Timber Regulation, Malaysian suppliers must show compliance by acquiring certification from the Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) or Forest Law Enforcement, Governance and Trade (FLEGT) for the European buyers.

While the Sarawak timber industry is concerned about the situation, Awang Tengah is adamant and dismissive.

“Malaysia will compromise but only if certain requirements are dropped and if it follows its original objectives… then we shall comply.

“At the moment, our principle stands…. we shall stand by the state timber policies,” he told reporters after officiating at the Sarawak Timber Industry Development Corporation (STIDC) Integration and Innovation Day here.

Howeverr, he said the “matter was still under negotiation”, adding that the state was awaiting a decision from the federal Plantation Industries and Commodities Ministry.

“The state and the federal ministries are not at odds over the issue. The federal and state governments have agreed on the issue of legality and certifications but our stand is clear on the state’s timber policy,” he said.